This Day in History

Syngman Rhee, First President of South Korea, Dies in Exile (1965)
Born in Korea shortly before it was occupied by Japan, Rhee was condemned to life in prison in 1897 for anti-Japanese activity. Amnestied and released in 1904, he went on to become the first Korean to earn a doctorate from a US university. In 1919, he was elected president of a provisional government in exile. Following WWII, he was elected the first president of Korea, with US backing. Ruling as an anti-Communist dictator, Rhee went to war against North Korea in 1950. Why did he resign in 1960? Discuss

Bomb Kills 85, Injures Hundreds at Argentinean Jewish Community Center (1994)
At 200,000, Argentina's Jewish community is the largest in Latin America. Sadly, during the 1990s in Buenos Aires, it became a target. In 1992, the Israeli Embassy was bombed. Two years later, the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association building was bombed, killing 85 and injuring hundreds. Argentine prosecutors have since accused the government of Iran and the Hezbollah militia of carrying out the 1994 attack, but no one has been convicted. Why was Judge Juan José Galeano removed from the case?

Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: First Docking of Russian and US Spacecrafts (1975)
The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first joint flight of the US and Soviet space programs. Its primary purpose was symbolic, to show that the two superpowers were easing the tensions of their Space Race. The two mission commanders exchanged the first international handshake in space through the open hatch of the Soyuz. Though American Deke Slayton had been selected for the Mercury mission in the 1950s, the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was his first flight into space. Why did he have to wait?